Top of the molar cusps is seemingly bunoselenomorph

Top of the molar cusps is seemingly bunoselenomorph

He has a primary and you can upright postprotocrista labially based. The latest preprotocrista, relatively straight, satisfies a highly-create parastyle. This new metaconule are some smaller which will be larger toward M3. The latest premetaconulecrista and also the fossae are pretty straight forward rather than neocrista. The brand new rear fossa is actually angled, particularly on the M3. Out of straight on M1, the fresh postmetaconulecrista gets sigmoidal for the M3, skipping the latest metacone. This new labial cusps have an equivalent axis which have relatively straight cristae. The latest paracone labial rib is actually outstanding, however, rather than anterior groove. There’s no metacone labial rib. The latest para poder-, meso-, and metastyles are salient. The latest lingual cingulum is very poor to help you absent for instance the entostyle.

The newest registered design of next all the way down premolar is typical to own derived stalk pecoran and you may crown pecoran inside having a highly-set-up mesolingual conid and posterior cristid , . More over, the current presence of an enamel outlet to your p1 excludes an attribution to help you Prodremotherium otherwise Mosaicomeryx . Even when the white teeth are not since bunoselenodont as in Amphitragulus elegans, the new known specimens have very primitive has, such an incredibly quicker metastylid, a decreased top, a tiny postentocristid, and even though sideways compressed, bulged lingual cuspids into the lower molars. All of these services prohibit an association to help you sometimes Dremotherium otherwise Bedenomeryx , . Also, this new most small-size from “Amphitragulus” quercyi is a determining function for the latest Oligocene ruminants of European countries , , , .

Dremotherium cf. guthi out-of Gaimersheim1: 1 kept maxillary bones to your enamel line M1-M3 (SNSB-BSPG 1952II4855). from Mailhat: 2 kept P4-M2 (MNHN LIM154). Babameryx engesseri off Gaimersheim1: 3 kept fragmentary mandible that have m2 (SNSB-BSPG 1952II4818), (a) lingual, (b) labial, and you may (c) occlusal feedback. The dimensions pub was 2 cm.

Holotype known specimens information

Holotype. Jehenne (1987) features appointed the brand new specimen IPHEP LM.1969.MA.forty as holotype. That is a limited best maxillary bone having P3-M3 (, Fig. 2), from La Milloque (MP29, France).

Known specimens. Mailhat MNHN LIM154 leftover P4-M2 (that it works, Fig. six.2); Gaimersheim1 SNSB-BSPG 1952II4855 remaining maxillary which have M1-M3 (which work, Fig. 6.1); SNSB-BSPG 1952II4870 right m2.


All the way down permanent dentition. The reduced molar is very badly maintained. But not, that it large ruminant and has now a completely selenomorph trigonid. The new cristid was elongated and the cuspids is high on the enamel a little pleated. Brand new metastylid are ripped.

Upper long lasting dentition. The brand new P4 try defectively kept. All the lingual area was forgotten. The brand new anterolabial cone and has now a failure labial rib. The brand new anterior stylid are busted. The newest rear one is short but expose. No neocrista blocks new fossa. The latest quadratic upper molars for the occlusal have a look at sustain a well-set up metaconule a little smaller than the new protocone. The cusps are particularly selenomorph. The newest preprotocrista as well as the postmetaconulecrista is labially depending and you may a bit straight. The newest postprotocrista is a lot of time, extremely curved, and you will labially created. It can be completely separated (SNSB-BSPG 1952II4855) or fused (MNHN LIM154) for the premetaconulecrista. The latter closes in the axis of your own mesostyle. The newest posterior basin can be has a little metaconule fold on M2, large toward M3. This new paracone, possessing good paracone rib, in addition to metacone, labially apartment and you can concave, are aligned. The new mesostyle and you may parastyle are very well developed. They mode game short columns. New mesostyle was large off M1 in order to M3. The new entostyle is poor or absent. Discover none good lingual cingulum nearby the brand new protocone nor an effective metastyle building a proper-setup cuspid. not, small anterior and you can rear cingula can be found.


Which ruminant is fairly state-of-the-art in becoming better-selenodont and having no lingual cingula from inside the higher molars, always present in Lophiomeryx, Gelocus, Iberomeryx, Mosaicomeryx, and Babameryx , , , [61–63], . In contrast to Bachitherium, so it varieties lacks an anterior groove into the large labial paracone rib , , . The new analyzed fossils be a little more just like the state-of-the-art base Pecora and the latest primitive top Pecora (such Amphitragulus, Dremotherium, Bedenomeryx). New tooth try slightly pleated, while it is basically smooth into the Prodremotherium. Furthermore, the dimensions of such pearly whites is significantly bigger than from inside the Prodremotherium throughout the dated Quercy selections and you may Pech Desse . The teeth be a little more selenomorph compared to “Amphitragulus” and you will Bedenomeryx , , and also the parastyle isn’t that anteriorly projected than seen into the “Amphitragulus” feningrei , , . Studying the neodiagnosis proposed because of the Mennecart , this type of fossils tend to be all demonstrating features of Dremotherium. The already discussed species in Europe is actually D. feignouxi (form of varieties) and you will D. guthi , , . The second is quite smaller than the sort variety , just like the fossils described right here. D. feignouxi just occurred in the Agenian (MN1-MN2; ), while D. guthi lived inside most recent Oligocene (MP28-MP30; ). However, when you look at the lack of additional better-managed issue, a definitive assignation with the variety isn’t feasible.

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